You will find a list of all of the “Mazarat” in Makka and Al-Madina
1. Hira’ Cave

It is the cave where Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) spent a lot of time and had received his first revelation from Angel Jibrail (Angel Gabriel) from Allah. Hira’ cave holds great importance in the Islamic History. It is located on Jabal-al-Noor; a mountain about 3 kilometers from Makkah, it takes about 600 steps to reach the Cave; which is about 12 feet in length, 5 feet 3 inches in width, and 270 meters in height.

2. Cave of Thaur

When the Prophet (PBUH) was migrating to Madinah, he hid inside this cave from his enemies where a spider wove a web at the entrance of the cave, misleading the people of Makkah into thinking that there was no one present inside it.

3. Birthplace of the Prophet (PBUH)

Currently, it has been converted into the National Library of Makkah, also known as Maktaba Makkah al-Mukarramah.

This library, in She’eb Banu Hashim in Makkah is sited on the place where the Prophet (PBUH) was born on Monday 12 Rabi’ al-Awwal (April 22, 571 CE), in the Year of the Elephant. His ancestry can be traced back to the Prophet Ebrahim (peace be upon him).

4. Masjid Jinn

The Holy Prophet (PBUH) recited Quran in this mosque and upon hearing his voice troops of Jinn came in, wanting to hear more of his recitation.

Masjid Jinn, also known as Masjid Haras, is built on the place where the Prophet (PBUH) drew a line for Abdullah bin Mas’ood (may Allah be pleased with him) who had accompanied him after he had been commanded to recite the Qur’an to the Jinn.

5. Al Kiswa Factory

Kiswa is the cloth that covers the Kabba, and Kiswa Factory is the place where this cloth is made each year. The factory is located on the Old Makkah-Jeddah Road. During Hajj, the new Kiswa is delivered to the Chief Gatekeeper of the Holy Mosque. The Kiswa factory takes care of all the steps in the preparation of Kiswa, which include: dyeing, weaving, designing, printing, embroidering, laboratory, and assembly of the Kisswa. The factory is open for visitors on Saturday, Monday and Wednesday from 9 am – 12 pm.

6. Masjid Al Khayf

It is located near Mina. Several prophets, including Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), performed Salah here.

It can be very overwhelming to see these places in reality as they take us back to the advent of Islam, giving us a closer look into Islamic history.

7. Masjid Aisha

Masjid Aisha, also known as Masjid Al-Taneem, is a mosque located at the site where Aisha (May God be pleased with her) was instructed by the Prophet (PBUH) to enter Ihram in order to perform Umrah during the Farewell Pilgrimage. It is the nearest and most convenient location to enter into Ihram for those residing within the boundaries of the Haram.

8. Jabal Al Rahma

Jabal al-Rahmah (“Mount of Mercy”), also known as Jabal Arafat (“Mount Arafat”), is a small mountain in Arafat, at the base of which the Prophet (PBUH) supplicated during his farewell pilgrimage. On the 9th of Dhul Hijjah, thousands of pilgrims gather around this mountain during the most important rite of Hajj.

9. Jannat Al-Mualla

Jannat al-Mualla is the main cemetery in Makkah, Many of the Prophet’s (PBUH) close relatives are buried here.

1. Masjid Quba (Masjid Qubā’)

This is the first mosque in Islam. It is situated around 3 km away from Al-Masjid an-Nabawi. According to a Hadith, 2 raka’at nawafil here are equivalent to an Umrah.

“Whoever purifies himself in his house then comes to the mosque of Quba’ and prays there, he will have a reward like that for ‘Umrah.” (Ibne Majah, 6154)

2. Masjid Al Jum'ah

This mosque is near Al-Masjid an-Nabawi. When the Prophet (PBUH) was migrating from Makkah to Madinah, he offered the Friday prayer at this location, hence it was named Masjid Al Jum'ah.

3. Masjid Al-Dirar

Al Munafiqin met in this Masjid to conspire against the Muslims, hence, on the orders of the Prophet (PBUH), the Masjid was burned. The ruins are still present. The incident is also mentioned in the Quran:

“And there are those who put up a mosque by way of mischief and infidelity….” (Quran 9:107)

4. Masjid Al-Ghamama

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) offered prayers for rain here. It is also known as Masjid Al Eid as the Prophet (PBUH) and the Sahabah used to offer Eid prayers here.

5. Masjid Abu Bakr

This is very near to Masjid Al-Ghamama. Abu Bakr (RA) used to reside here. Later on, it was converted into a mosque.

6. Masjid Ali Bin Abu-Talib

Similarly to Masjid Abu Bakr (RA), Masjid Ali Bin Abu-Talib was also built on the residence of the Caliph.

7. Masjid Bilal Bin Rabah

Masjid Bilal ibn Rabah is a mosque located about 500 meters southern Al-Masjid an-Nabawi.

8. Uhud Mountain

This is the location of the second battle of Islam, Battle of Uhud. A cemetery consisting of graves of the martyrs of the battle, including Hamza’s (RA), the Prophet’s uncle.

9. Masjid Al-Qiblatayn

The Prophet (PBUH) was praying in this mosque when he received the revelation to change the direction they were facing while praying, from Masjid Al Aqsa to Masjid Al Haram.

10. Site of the Battle of Trench (Ghazwat Al-Khandaq)

Several important mosques are located here; including Masjid Al-Fatah (also known as Masjid Al-Ahzab). You can also see the place where the Muslims put up their camps for the impending battle.

11. Wadi Al-Jinn

This is a famous slope located around 30-40 km from Madinah. If you were to pour water on the slope, it will flow against it!

12. Bir Shifa and Bir Usman

Bir Shifa is a well in Madinah which had poisonous water, however, after the Prophet (PBUH) spit into it, it turned into the well of Shifa. Bir Usman on the other hand was bought for the Muslims by Usman bin Affan (RA) when Madinah suffered from a drought with shortage of water and the Muslims had to buy water at exorbitant prices from a Jew.

13. The Baqi’ Cemetery

Baqi` is the cemetery of Madinah. It is the place where most of the Prophet’s wives and a great number of his Companions were buried. Visiting Baqi` is a good chance to recollect the stories of sacrifice and tireless effort done by those great men and women in defense of Islam.

When you visit Baqi`, say “Peace be upon you, abode of a people who are believers. What you were promised would come to you tomorrow, you receiving it after some delay; and God willing we shall join you. O Allah, grant forgiveness to the inhabitants of Baqi al-Gharqad.” [Muslim]