The guide that will ensure you the best experience
  • Try hard to learn the rites of Umrah in order not to incur upon yourself what might ruin your act of worship or lessen your reward without you knowing.
  • Do your best to abide by the tradition (Sunnah) of the Prophet (peace be upon him) according to your ability and circumstances.
  • Try hard to avoid observing other people and concentrate on your own actions and the right way of worship, this is because you may see strange acts performed by some Muslims out of ignorance. Try to remain calm and patient because these are lofty manners.
  • Avoid committing sins and keep away from arguments and disputes.
  • Avoid competing with other Umrah performers in a crowd or hurting them during Tawaf, Sa'y and other acts of worship.
  • Avoid any clash or contact with women at very crowded places (as in Tawaf and Sa'y).
  • Do not question yourself or anyone else for the reason of performing some acts of worship and try to submit yourself to Allah.
  • You must be friendly and kind to the inhabitants of Makkah and Madinah, and beware of treating them with disrespect or using violence with them, as the inhabitants of Makkah are the neighbors of Allah’s House and the inhabitants of Al Madinah are neighbors of Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him).
  • Dear Umrah performer, keep in mind that the Tawaf is the greeting of Al-Haram; it is also a prayer, but Allah allowed speech in it. Therefore, purification (Tahara) from the major and minor impure states and covering the 'aurah (private parts) are pre-conditions for Tawaf.
  • Avoid standing for a long time at the Black Stone in order to point to it since that may lead to severe congestion.
  • Avoid competing with the crowd to kiss the Black Stone because its kissing is a Sunnah while not causing harm to yourself and to other people is obligatory (wajib), and the obligation takes precedence over the Sunnah.
  • It is desirable for the Umrah performer to be submissive, showing reverence with a present heart during Tawaf.
  • Continuity between the seven rounds of Tawaf is a confirmed Sunnah.
  • Avoid cracking or crossing of fingers during Tawaf. Also eating and drinking are detested and speaking other than the remembrance of Allah and invocation.
  • Tawaf is hated under the pressure of urine, excrement or wind.
  • Be careful to perform Tawaf from behind Hijr Isma'il, and not from inside it, because by doing so the Umrah performer would have circumambulated only part of the Ka'bah, not the whole Ka'bah, which makes that round void and nil.
  • Avoid raising your voice during Tawaf as this may disrupt other Umrah performers doing Tawaf.
  • Avoid al-Ramal (fast walking) in all rounds because al-Ramal is Sunnah only during the first three rounds of the Tawaf which is followed by Sa'y.
  • Al-Ramal is a Sunnah during the first three rounds and exposing the right shoulder in the form of Idibaa' during all rounds which are followed by Sa'y (only for men).
  • Ramal during Tawaf and jogging during Sa'y are not Sunnah for women.
  • Avoid Idibaa' during prayers.
  • Avoid rubbing yourself against the station (Maqam) of Ibrahim and kissing it because this is an innovation which violates the Sunnah, so is rubbing oneself against the walls of the Ka'bah.
  • Avoid insisting on performing prayers behind Maqam Ibrahim after finishing Tawaf when it is over-crowded since praying is permissible anywhere within the Haram.
  • Women must avoid exposing their hair to men at their release of Ihram (when clipping the hair).
  • Good commitment to the prophetic tradition (Sunnah) and to show great reverence to it.
  • When the Umrah performer is asked to transfer someone's salutations to Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) he shouldn't say peace be upon you Messenger of Allah from (Sheikh, Hajj, engineer or doctor so and - so) But he mentions only his name (without titles) because there are not any titles in the presence of the Leader of Messengers (peace be upon him).
  • Do your best to perform prayers in the honorable garden (Al Rawda) because it is a garden from the gardens of paradise.
  • Do not wipe against or kiss the wall of the grave.
  • Walk in Madinah with serenity, reverence and great politeness (since you are walking on the footsteps of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his companions).
  • Do not laugh or speak loudly because raising the voice in the presence of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) invalidates good deeds.
  • Don't smoke. If you are a smoker try hard to stop it in the Holy Lands because it is considered a sinful act especially in the city of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) and it is also regarded as impoliteness in the presence of the great Messenger (peace be upon him).
  • She is allowed to wear sewn clothes in Ihram provided that they are not dyed by saffron or safflower.
  • She is allowed to wear "khuff" (a type of sandals) and gloves according to the Hanafi school, while the other three schools banned the gloves.
  • She has to cover her head.
  • She does not perform Ramal during Tawaf.
  • She does not wear her Ihram dress in the form of Idibaa, and does not run during Sa'y between the two green pillars.
  • She does not shave her hair but she shortens it.
  • She does not touch the Black Stone in the presence of a crowd of men, rather she points to it.
  • To perform Tawaf at the edge (not the centre) of the crowd.
  • Not to stand near Jabal Al-Rahmah (the Mountain of Mercy). These two things are meant in order not to be in an over-crowded place among men.
    Ihram consists of the intention. A Muslim enters the state of Ihram at the Miqat or shortly before, for the sake of his peace of mind. Before entering the state of Ihram, the Muslim is advised to do the following:
  • Cut his hair or shave it as he used to do before.
  • Cut his nails and remove pubic hair.
  • Take a bath and perform ablution.
  • Wear two garments of unsown white cloth, preferably new.
  • Apply perfume, and pray two rak‘ahs in a permissible time.

Afterwards, he intends by heart to offer ‘Umrah and can utter his intention as follows: “O Allah! I intend to perform ‘Umrah so make it easy for me and accept it from me. I intend to offer ‘Umrah and have entered the state of Ihram for Allah, so if I am detained by anything, my release from Ihram shall be where I am detained”.

When the Muslim approaches Makkah he says: “O Allah! This is Your Haram and Your secure place, so forbid my body from the Hell fire and save me from Your torture when You will resurrect Your servants and include me among Your obedient pious people”.

After entering Makkah, the Muslim says:“O Allah! This is Your town and Your House; I came seeking Your mercy in obedience to Your commands. I pray to You my God in my utmost need, fearing Your torture that You receive me with Your pardon, forgive me with Your mercy and admit me into Your paradise”.

Then he utters salutations for Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).

  • It is recommended to enter through Bab Al-Salam (the gate of Peace).
  • A Muslim enters with his right foot saying salutations for Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and invoking:

    “O Allah! Forgive my sins and open for me the gates of Your mercy ”.

    “ O Allah! This is Your Haram and Your secure place, I ask You to protect my flesh, skin, blood, brain and bones from Hell fire”.

  • When he sees the Ka‘bah he utters Tahlil and Takbir saying “La-ilaha-illa-Allah, Allahu Akbar” (“There is no god except Allah. Allah is the Greatest”)
      He repeats this Tahlil and Takbir for three times raising his hands and supplicating because the supplication made at seeing the Ka‘bah is accepted:
    • “O Allah! Make my invocations accepted in all that which is good”. 
    • “I seek protection from the Lord of the House from debt, poverty, narrowness of the chest and from the torture of the grave”.
    • “O Allah! I beseech You to pardon me, grant me mercy and save my neck from the Hell fire”.

    Or the Muslim invokes Allah to grant him whatever he needs, and he utters prayers for prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) saying: “O Allah! Increase the honor, dignity and reverence of Your Sacred House and increase whoever visits it either in Hajj or ‘Umrah in honor, respect, nobleness and righteousness”. “O Allah! You are peace, and from You is peace. Our Lord, salute us with peace”.

  • At the beginning of Tawaf, it is recommended for the Muslim to face the Ka‘bah such that the Black Stone is on his right. Then he moves to position himself before the Black Stone and intends Tawaf.
  • He starts from the brown marble line saying: (Bismillah, Allahu Akbar) “In the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest. O Allah! Having faith in You, confirming the truthfulness of Your Holy Book, fulfilling Your promise and following the Sunnah of Your Prophet (peace be upon him)”.
  • The Muslim touches the Black Stone and kisses it if possible.
  • If it is too difficult to kiss it, he touches it with his right hand and kisses his hand.
  • If that isn’t possible he stands facing the Black Stone and points to it with his hand once while saying: “Bismillah, Allahu Akbar” (in the name of Allah, Allah is the Greatest). Then he starts Al-Tawaf.

    How to point correctly to the Ka‘bah?

    The Muslim raises his hands in parallel with his shoulders making the inner part of his hands (palms) directed towards the Black Stone and he points to the Ka‘bah with his hands one time only.

  • Tawaf is performed for seven rounds and it is Sunnah to do Ramal, by moving quickly in the first three rounds, and Idibaa, by throwing the upper sheet of the Ihram dress over the left shoulder and exposing the right shoulder (Idibaa - for males only) during all rounds. This is the case only for the Tawaf, which is followed by Sa‘y between Safa and Marwa.
  • Ramal: is to go round the Ka‘bah at a jogging pace with short steps without jumping or running.
  • Idibaa:means exposing the right shoulder of a Muslim by putting the upper sheet of Ihram dress under his right armpit and covering his left shoulder.
  • Ramal and Idibaa are only for men and are practiced only in the Tawaf which is followed by Sa‘y. So whenever a Muslim finishes Tawaf he covers his shoulders.
  • The Muslim recites at the door of the Ka‘bah: “O Allah! The House is Yours, and the Haram is Yours, and the peace is Yours, and this is the place of he who seeks Your protection”.
  • He says at the Iraqi Corner:“O Allah! I seek refuge in You from doubt and from polytheism, from discord, hypocrisy, ill-manners, and calamity in property, family and children".
  • Istilam (facing) the Yamani Corner is desirable whenever the Muslim passes by it during Tawaf, by touching the Corner with his palms or with his right hand. If this is not possible, he should point towards it. Du‘a (invocation) is recommended at the Yamani Corner because it is surely accepted since there are seventy thousand angels there who say “Ameen”.

    In order for the Tawaf to be correct, a Muslim must stop completely at the Yamani Corner.

    • The Muslim recites between the Yamani Corner and the Black Stone:
    • “Our Lord, give us in this world [that which is] good and in the Hereafter [that which is] good and protect us from the punishment of the Fire.”
    • “O Allah! Save me from disbelief, want and disgraceful situations in this world and in the Hereafter”.
    • He invokes: “O Allah! Forgive and grant us mercy, pardon and favor, excuse us for what You know of us, you are the Most Powerful, the Most Generous ”.
    • The Muslim makes continuous invocations, asking for the good of this world and the good of the Hereafter.
    • At the end of the Tawaf, the Muslim touches and kisses the Black Stone or he points at it with his palms and at each time he passes in front of it during Tawaf.

After completing Tawaf, the Muslim prays two rak‘ahs of Tawaf behind Maqam Ibrahim (the standing place of Ibrahim) (may peace be upon him) even at the end of the Haram, or in any place in the Haram it is permissible in case the Haram is over-crowded.

In the first rak‘ah he recites the Surah of “Al Kafiroon”, and in the second rak‘ah he recites Surah “Al Ikhlas” … after “Al Fatiha”.

Allah says: (And take, [O believers], from the standing place of Abraham a place of prayer). He invokes after the prayer: “O Allah! You invited Your slaves to Your Sacred House, and I came in response to Your call begging for Your Mercy and beseeching Your Content, and You have granted me my quest, so forgive me. You are over all things Competent”.

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “The Tawaf around Ka‘bah is a prayer, except that Allah has allowed speech therein, so who utters a word shouldn’t say but good ”. Therefore, it is stipulated in Tawaf to be in the state of Tahara (Purity) from ritual impurity and covering private parts (‘Auwra).

In case the Tawaf is interrupted either for Salah (prayer) or to renew wudu’ (ablution), the Muslim continues Tawaf from the beginning of the round he was performing.

The Muslim comes to Al-Multazam (which is between the door of the Ka ‘bah and the Black Stone) and he invokes there:

“O Allah! Save me from the rejected Satan, and save me from everything bad and content me with what You provide me with and bless it for me”.

Du‘a (invocation) at Al-Multazam is accepted.

It is recommended for the Muslim to come to Zamzam to drink as much water as he can. 

While drinking he says: “O Allah! I learnt that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Zamzam water is for whatever it is drunk for”, so I’m drinking it and invoking: “O Allah! I pray for You to grant me useful knowledge, generous sustenance and cure from every illness”.

“My Lord, admit me into Paradise without torture or reckoning, and favor me with the company of Your prophet and our leader Muhammad (peace be upon him) in the upper Paradise”.

The Muslim invokes Allah for his needs in the two worlds and recites salutations for the chosen prophet (peace be upon him).

The Muslim ascends the mount of Al-Safa so as to see the Ka‘bah (if possible) from the Safa door. While ascending he recites: (‘Indeed as-Safa and al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah. So whoever makes Hajj [pilgrimage] to the House or performs `Umrah - there no blame upon him for walking between them. And whoever volunteers good - then indeed, Allah is appreciative and knowing”)

Then he repeats this supplication for three times: (Allah is the Greatest, Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest and all praise belongs to Him (Allah is the Greatest for leading us to the right way and all praise belongs to Him for His offerings).

(There is no God except Allah, Alone with no partner). He is Lord of everything. All praise belongs to Him who gives life and inflicts death, all good is bestowed by Him and He empowers all things. He has kept His promise, aided His servant, empowered his troops and defeated the allies Alone. There is no deity save Allah and we do not worship but Him with utmost sincerity even if the disbelievers detest it.

O Allah! You told us “ invoke me, I’ll respond to you ” and You do not break your promise, so I beseech You as You guided me to Al Islam not to strip it from me till You inflict death on me as a true Muslim (three times).

Then he utters salutations in praise of our prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and invokes when he descends from Al-Safa at each round: O Allah! I pray for the causes of Your mercy, motives for Your forgiveness, escape from all sins, reward for every good deed, and make me worthy of paradise and protect me from the Hell fire.

It is Sunnah to jog between the two green slopes (jogging is only for men) where the Muslim invokes: “Our Lord! Grant us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the torture of Hell. My Lord! Forgive and have mercy, pardon and favor us, pass over what You know. You are the All Glorious, the All Generous. My Lord! I beg You for guidance, piety, chastity and self – sufficiency. My Lord! Support me in praising, thanking and worshipping You”.

When he reaches Al-Marwa, he would have completed one round. He completes seven rounds starting initially from Al-Safa and concluding finally at Al-Marwa. When the Muslim stands at Al-Marwa, he recites: “Indeed as-Safa and al-Marwa are among the symbols of Allah………..etc”

He also utters the same supplications he mentioned at Al-Safa. The Muslim utters Talbiyah during sa‘y but the mu‘ttamer (performing ‘Umrah) does not.

It is preferable to pray two rak‘ahs (better in Al-Haram) after concluding the seventh round.

The Muslim is advised to say during sa‘y some recitations, invocations and whatever he can from the Holy Qur’an.

He invokes after he concludes sa‘y: “ Our Lord! Accept this from us, grant us safety, pardon us and support us to obey and praise You”.

Idibaa is not a condition for Sa‘y for the Hanafi school (though it is a condition for the Shafei school).

Tahara is not a condition for the correctness of Sa‘y but as Al Mas‘a is within Al-Haram, Tahara is preferable.

In the case of interruption in Sa‘y because of prayer or any other reason, the Muslim resumes Sa‘y from where he stopped.

By shaving his hair, or shortening the length of a fingertip (2 cm), the Muslim is released from his Ihram.